Patients with a progressive course had a significantly (P = 0.017; OR = 18, 95% CI: 1.7–19.1) higher rate of brainstem atrophy than those with a non-progressive
http://www.selleckchem.com/products/Everolimus(RAD001).html course (monophasic or polyphasic). Presence of brainstem atrophy in the initial MRIs may predict a progressive course in patients with neuro-Behçet’s disease. “
“Background: Family physicians measure serum levels of anti-streptolysin O antibodies (ASO) in the routine evaluation of patients with rheumatic conditions. Aim: To evaluate the significance of elevated serum ASO titer in hospitalized patients with various clinical conditions. Patients and methods: We retrieved the names of all patients in whom ASO serum titer was tested in our hospital during two successive years. We chose only those with titers of 1 : 160
or greater (cut-off level < 1 : 80) or with no titer. Their charts were reviewed and the causes for their hospitalization and the reasons buy MG-132 for requesting the tests were identified. We also measured the ASO serum titer in 60 healthy individuals. Results: Six hundred and twenty-five patients were tested for ASO serum levels; 129 patients were negative. In 291 (44%) patients tests were positive at low titers (< 1 : 160). In 205 (33%) the serum titers of ASO were ≥ 1 : 160. We analyzed two groups: those with high ASO titers (≥ 1 : 160) (group 1) and those who were negative for this test (group 2). In group 1, streptococcal cultures were positive only in 14% of the patients with elevated ASO. There was no correlation between ASO serum levels and erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein or Amino acid rheumatoid factor. In only five individuals (8%) of the healthy cohort, was ASO significantly elevated. Conclusions:
Elevated ASO titers can be found in various clinical conditions other than the typical post-streptococcal associated diseases. In these cases it is not necessarily accompanied by positive culture and does not correlate with inflammatory parameters. “
“The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal complaints and rheumatic diseases in southeast of Iran. Subjects were selected based on a cluster sampling from 20 districts of urban areas in Zahedan, Iran. Subjects 15 years old and over were randomly selected and interviewed by trained interviewers in their houses. The Community Oriented Program for the Control of Rheumatic Disease (COPCORD) and Core Questionnaire (CCQ) were used in this study. The people with musculoskeletal complaints (pain, stiffness and swelling) were examined by the rheumatologist. Laboratory tests and radiographic exams were carried out when necessary to further categorize diagnoses. Data were collected from October 10, 2008 to September 15, 2009. Two thousand and one hundred subjects including 921 (43.9%) males and 1179 (56.1%) females were interviewed.