3 (1 2) 885 1 5 (1 5) p < 0 05  100% Juice (times/d) 535 0 8 (1 0

3 (1.2) 885 1.5 (1.5) p < 0.05  100% Juice (times/d) 535 0.8 (1.0) 882 0.9 (1.1)

p < 0.05 a – determined by Cole [12]. FV = Fruit and vegetable. SSB = Sugar sweetened beverage. Dietary measures Results from the 24-hour dietary recall and FFQ are provided (Table 1). Total calories and gender differed significantly between groups. When controlling for these RAD001 nmr the sport group consumed significantly more fibre, vegetable and fruit servings (independently and together) and non-flavoured milk, but a similar amount of protein, carbohydrate and sugar compared with the non-sport group. From the FFQ, the sport group consumed fruit, vegetables, non-flavoured milk and 100% juice more frequently than the non-sport group. Consumption of SSBs or sports drinks did not differ significantly between the groups. Similar proportions of sport and non-sport participants reported SSB (χ2 = .626, p = .429) and sports drink (χ2 = 1.38, p = .240) consumption on the dietary recall. Discussion The profile of children participating

in organized sport compared to those that were not MK-1775 provides new insight into the relationship between sport participation and children’s consumption of sports drinks specifically, and aspects of their overall diet generally. Contrary to previous reports on adolescents no difference was found in consumption of sports drinks or SSBs between children participating in sport and those that were not. However, similar to previous reports, children involved in sport had, on average, lower BMIs, were more physically active and had a healthier diet profile (consumed more fruit, vegetables, non-flavoured milk and fibre). Each of these will be discussed in turn. Descriptive characteristics BMI is considered by some to be a reasonable measure of adiposity in children [18]. This study adds to a small body of literature that investigated the relationship between sport participation and BMI in children. Based on BMI, higher proportions of overweight and obesity were seen in this study (29.8% overweight or obese) compared to Canadian children measured in the 2004 Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS; 25.8% overweight or obese) [19] but in

the present study the sport group had lower BMI (18.31 versus 19.96 kg/m2; p < 0.01) and lower rates of overweight/obesity (27.8 versus 33.3%; p <0.01) than the non-sport group. These findings align Oxalosuccinic acid with a few studies that reported that organized sport participation in children was associated with lower BMI [6, 20, 21] while contradicting other findings that found no association between sport participation and weight status [22]. The different methods adopted across studies might partially explain these variable findings. One study used an overweight cut-off point [21] as was used in the present study, and another used an obesity cut-off point [22]. For analysis some studies calculated simple correlations [6, 20] while the present study applied ANCOVA to evaluate group-based differences. Physical activity While 62.

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