After a single washing step in 1 × PBS and centrifugation, pellet

After a single washing step in 1 × PBS and centrifugation, pelleted cells were resuspended in 200 μL PBS with polyclonal anti-CR3-RP antibody (diluted

1 : 100), and mAb OKM1 (diluted 1 : 10). Control samples were resuspended in mAb TIB111 (diluted 1 : 10 in PBS). After 1-h incubation in ice, unbound antibodies were removed by centrifugation and cells were resuspended in a precise volume of YNB medium with amino acids containing 0.9%D-glucose (cell concentration, 107 mL−1). A 100-μL aliquot of this suspension was then applied to 96-well plates R428 to undergo the adherence phase in biofilm formation for 30, 60, 90, and 120 min at 37 °C. At these time points, nonadherent cells were removed, adherent cells were washed with 1 × PBS in three washing steps and the viability of the adherent cells was evaluated by their ability to reduce 2,3-bis(2-methoxy-4-nitro-5-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium-5-carboxanilide (XTT) sodium salt to water-soluble formazan (Sigma-Aldrich). The parallel experiments were continued; after the adherence phase (90 min), nonadherent

cells were removed and adherent cells washed three times with 1 × PBS. Adherent cells were then overlaid with 100 μL of the new YNB medium and incubation continued at 37 °C for 48 h. The viability of the mature biofilm was evaluated as described above. Every experiment was performed in five parallel Fulvestrant in vitro wells and performed twice. The results were expressed as mean±SD.

Results were calculated as average±SD. Statistical significance in the difference between the samples was compared using Student’s t-test. A P-value of <0.05 was considered Anacetrapib significant, a P-value of <0.01 highly significant and a P-value of <0.001 extremely significant. Although the formation of a biofilm in the environment is a natural process important for the survival of many microorganisms, medical microbiology regards this complex structure as a serious complication during patient treatment or convalescence. Current trends in biofilm studies are aimed at possible ways to eliminate them, mainly via the application of antifungal agents (Kuhn et al., 2002; Al-Fattani & Douglas, 2004; Seidler et al., 2006; Borecká-Melkusová & Bujdáková, 2008). However, some authors have published different thoughts on biofilm treatment, such as photodynamic effects (Müller et al., 2007; Dovigo et al., 2009) or using antibodies (Rodier et al., 2003; Fujibayashi et al., 2009; Maza et al., 2009). In this study, we were focused on two different aspects: whether decreasing the ability of C. albicans to adhere to a plastic surface can reduce the production of the mature biofilm, and whether blocking the C. albicans surface antigen (CR3-RP) participating in adherence can significantly affect adherence, the first stage of biofilm formation. For experiments, one standard strain was selected, together with a C.

Comments are closed.