Air drying means that the water-filled collagen layer will collap

Air drying means that the water-filled collagen layer will collapse and prevent penetration of the adhesive into the exposed collagen meshwork and thus, formation of a sound hybrid layer. It seems that the presence of water in the interstices of the collagen mesh is the dominating factor. A hydrophilic monomer such as HEMA in the self-etch primer would be rinsed away with water easily from the demineralized dentin, which might result in collapse of the collagen when the dentin surface was air-dried after rinsing.10 In a previous study,30 operatively removal of the contaminated area and repeating the entire bonding procedure was recommended. CONCLUSIONS In this study, saliva contamination after primer application significantly reduced bond strength.

Contamination of the uncured adhesive was not critical according to the results of this study. In principle, any kind of contamination of the bonding area should be avoided.
Sinus floor augmentation (SFA) is one of the techniques that have been proposed for improving the long-term retention of dental implants.1 The procedure involves the creation of a submucoperiosteal pocket in the floor of the maxillary sinus for placement of a graft consisting of autogenous, allogenic, or alloplastic material.2 Currently, two main approaches to the SFA procedure can be found in the literature. These include lateral window (external) and osteotome (internal) procedures.3 External technique allows for a greater amount of bone augmentation to the atrophic maxilla but requires a larger surgical access.

4 However, internal technique is considered to be a less invasive alternative to the external method to increase the volume of bone in the posterior maxilla.5 Complications of the SFA predominantly consist of disturbed wound healing, hematoma, sequestration of bone, and transient maxillary sinusitis.6 The last complication was considered to be the major drawback of this procedure.7 Previous investigations have reported maxillary sinusitis up to 20% of patients after SFA.8 Postoperative acute maxillary sinusitis may cause implant and graft failures. The reported cases of maxillary sinusitis developed after the lift procedure are all associated with the external techniques. On the contrary, internal procedure appears to be a safer method with rare complications.

In this report we presented an acute maxillary sinusitis complication following internal sinus lifting in a patient with chronic maxillary sinusitis. In our knowledge, this complication after internal sinus lifting procedure has not been reported in the literature. CASE REPORT A 52 year-old woman with chronic maxillary sinusitis was referred to our clinic for implant therapy. Clinical and GSK-3 radiographic examination showed no signs of acute sinusitis (Figure 1). The patient had a history of an acute sinusitis attack 6 weeks ago. Figure 1 Preoperative radiograph of the patient.

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