C-reactive protein level was elevated (197 mg/L; normal <5 mg/

C-reactive protein level was elevated (197 mg/L; normal <5 mg/L) and the white blood cell count was normal (7 x 10(9)/L; normal 4-10 x 10(9)/L). A computerized tomography (CT) showed a left psoas-based retroperitoneal abscess. Treatment consisted of open debridement, drainage and empirical antibiotic therapy. Intraoperative cultures yielded M. hominis after 7 days incubation. Antibiotic therapy was adapted and discontinued after 2 months. The patient had failed to mention earlier that she had been suffering

from abnormal vaginal discharge for some time and was using an intrauterine selleck contraceptive device.

Results At 1.5-year follow-up, review confirmed healing of the infection with biological normalization

without residual collection, radiolucent lines or osteolysis around the prosthesis at radiographs, CT and MRI.

Conclusions Mycoplasma hominis can be involved as an extragenital pathogen in musculoskeletal infections. Because its buy LY2228820 culture and identification are difficult, special media and real-time PCR are required in case of postoperative deep wound infection after anterior lumbar spine surgery, especially in the case of previous genitourinary infections, to decrease the delay in diagnosis and treatment.”
“Background Spinal melanocytoma is one of the most infrequent space-occupying lesions of the central nervous system. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of primary bifocal intradural melanocytoma of heterogenous pathological grade to date.

Case description We report AZD1208 the case of a 43-year old patient with primary bifocal melanocytoma, clinically and radiologically resembling benign schwannoma. The patient presented

with myeloradiculopathy of the left C3 dermatome. Magnetic resonance imaging of the upper spine revealed two space-occupying lesions with paraspinal extension, initially diagnosed as neurofibroma. Definitive histopathological classification of both lesions was melanocytoma. Both tumours were only partially removed due to adherence to surrounding structures. The patient underwent stereotactic external beam irradiation (EBR). Follow-up at 1 year after surgery revealed no recurrence and the patient remained free of symptoms. The clinical, radiological and pathological features of this rare tumour entity are presented and the available literature is reviewed.

Conclusions Intradural melanocytoma, although exceedingly rare, requires a thorough work-up to exclude malignant melanoma. With only two previous reports of multifocal melanocytoma published in the literature, standard therapy has not yet been established and complete surgical removal remains the modality of choice. Patients should be closely monitored to detect local recurrence or malignant degeneration. EBR may be considered in cases where total excision is not achievable and reduces risk of local recurrences.

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