Consecutive adult patients admitted between March 1998 and February 2009 to a neurological intensive care unit at a university hospital in Germany with the diagnosis of bacterial meningitis were included in the study. Standard criteria were used to define bacterial meningitis. From 68 patients with bacterial meningitis, six patients suffered from cerebral ischaemia (8.8%). In our cohort, reduced level of consciousness
on admission (p = 0.01) and lower white blood cell (WBC) count in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) (p = 0.012) were associated with development of ischaemic cerebrovascular complications. The short-term outcome selleck of all patients was poor (median modified Rankin scale 4.5). In patients presenting with reduced level of consciousness on admission and/or low WBC count in CSF early cerebral imaging including MR angiography or CT angiography are warranted to detect impending cerebrovascular complications.”
“The present study aimed to investigate the association of the -579 G>T polymorphism in the DNMT3B promoter with susceptibility to lung cancer. A total INCB28060 of 174 lung cancer patients and 135 healthy controls from the northern part of China were enrolled, and were matched
for gender and age. All subjects were genotyped by polymerase chain reaction-restriction-fragment length polymorphism analysis and confirmed by DNA sequencing. Stratification analyses were used to study the subgroups of subjects by age and gender, and evaluate the association between the -579 G>T. polymorphism and the genetic susceptibility to lung cancer. The results revealed that individuals with the DNMT3B -579 GT genotype had a significantly decreased risk of lung cancer [odds ratio (OR), 0.517; 95% confidence interval (Cl), 0.273-0.981] compared with those with a -579TT genotype in the studied population. However, the deviation was significant (OR, 0.138, 95% Cl, 0.034-0.549) between the risk of lung cancer and
the GT and GG genotype, when the smoking factor was considered. The data from this study indicate that the DNMT3B learn more genetic polymorphism varies among various races, ethnic groups and geographical areas. The DNMT3B -579 G>T polymorphism may contribute to the genetic susceptibility to lung cancer.”
“To elucidate whether Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) diversity in Sudan resulted from multiple introductions or from acquired changes over time from 1 introduction event, we generated complete genome sequences from RVFV strains detected during the 2007 and 2010 outbreaks. Phylogenetic analyses of small, medium, and large RNA segment sequences indicated several genetic RVFV variants were circulating in Sudan, which all grouped into Kenya-1 or Kenya-2 sublineages from the 2006-2008 eastern Africa epizootic. Bayesian analysis of sequence differences estimated that diversity among the 2007 and 2010 Sudan RVFV variants shared a most recent common ancestor circa 1996.