Methods Sixty ASA I-III patients scheduled

for elective u

Methods Sixty ASA I-III patients scheduled

for elective unilateral MRM under general anesthesia were included. They were randomly allocated into two groups: group 1 (n = 30), single-injection ipsilateral interscalene brachial plexus block; group 2 (n = 30), control group. Postoperative analgesia was provided with IV PCA morphine during 24 h postoperatively. Pain intensity was assessed with the visual analogue scale (VAS). Morphine consumption, side effects of opioid, antiemetic requirement, and complications associated with interscalene block were recorded.

Results VAS scores were significantly lower in group 1, except in the first postoperative see more 24 h (p < 0.007). The patients without block consumed more morphine [group 1, 5 (0-40) mg; group 2, 22 (6-48) mg; p = 0.001]. Rescue

morphine requirements were also higher in the postoperative first hour in group 2 (p = 0.001). Nausea and antiemetic requirements were significantly higher in group 2 (p = 0.03 and 0.018). Urinary retention was observed in 1 patient in group 2 and signs of Horner’s syndrome in 2 patients in group 1.

Conclusions The optimal method has not been defined yet for acute pain palliation after MRM. Our study demonstrated that the use of interscalene block in patients undergoing MRM improved pain scores and reduced morphine consumption during the first 24 h postoperatively. The block can be a good alternative to other invasive regional block techniques used for GSK621 mouse postoperative pain management after MRM.”
“Purpose Anterior click here decompression of the craniovertebral

junction is reserved to patients with irreducible ventral bulbo-medullary lesions and rapidly deteriorating neurological functions. Classically performed through the transoral approach, the exposure of this region can be now achieved by a minimally invasive endonasal endoscopic approach (EEA).

Methods Four patients with irreducible, anterior bulbo-medullary compression due to rheumatoid pannus and basilar invagination were enrolled. The imaged-guided EEA was used to resect the odontoid process, trying to preserve the C1 anterior arch.

Results Neurological improvement and adequate bulbo-medullary decompression were obtained in all patients. In two cases, anterior C1 ring was preserved. These patients did not required a posterior fusion.

Conclusions Compared with the standard transoral technique, the EEA provides the same good exposure but with potentially less complications. The preservation of the anterior C1 arch can contribute to avoid cranial settling and posterior fusion with its related risk of subaxial instability.”
“Clinical cases involving paracoccidioidomycosis in children, diagnosed in Mato Grosso State, in the central western region of Brazil, are rare despite the state being classified with a moderate to high incidence.

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