PubMedCrossRef 49. Smittipat N, Billamas P, Palittapongarnpim M, Thong-On A, Temu MM, Thanakijcharoen P, Karnkawinpong O, Palittapongarnpim P: Polymorphism of variable-number tandem repeats at multiple loci in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. J Clin Microbiol 2005,43(10):5034–5043.PubMedCrossRef
50. van Deutekom H, Supply P, de Haas PE, Willery E, Hoijng SP, Locht C, Coutinho RA, van Soolingen D: Molecular typing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis by mycobacterial interspersed repetitive unit-variable-number tandem repeat analysis, a more accurate method find protocol for identifying epidemiological links between patients with tuberculosis. J Clin Microbiol 2005,43(9):4473–447.PubMedCrossRef Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Authors’ contributions MA designed and performed learn more all the experiments related to pks15/1, RDs and infectivity assays, analyzed the results, produced the first version of the MS and was involved in the correction of the MS. NA performed the molecular-epidemiology study, analyzed the results and collaborated in the production of the first version of the MS. CG provided a PARP inhibition selection of MTB strains from Tuscany, Italy and critically
reviewed the final version of the MS. MML and members from the INDAL-TB group, coordinated the molecular epidemiological study in Almeria. MH performed the IS6110-RFLP and spoligotyping assays and analyzed
the results. SS obtained and provided the IS6110-RFLP and MIRU-15 data for the Beijing isolates involved in the outbreak of G. Canaria and collaborated in the comparative analysis of these data with those obtained in Madrid. MJRS performed all the microbiological procedures. EB critically reviewed the final version of the MS. DGV designed the study, supervised all the experimental work, analyzed the results, corrected and produced not the final version of the MS. All the authors read and approved the final version of the MS”
“Background Several features characterize the physiological and metabolic aspects of phototrophic heliobacteria [1–5]: (a) They are the only known phototrophs that belong to the gram-positive bacterial phylum Firmicutes, and as is typical of members of this group, which includes species of Bacillus and Clostridium, heliobacteria can form heat resistant endospores (b) They produce the unique pigment bacteriochlorophyll g (BChl g) (c) They produce 81-hydroxy-chlorophyll a with a farnesol tail (81-OH-Chl a F), which serves as the primary electron acceptor from the reaction center (RC) special pair (d) They contain a type I homodimeric RC bound to the cytoplasmic membrane (e) They require organic carbon sources for both phototrophic growth and chemotrophic (fermentative) growth (f) they are active nitrogen-fixers and also produce hydrogen.