Results showed that, with the standard bSSFP acquisition, optimum bSSFP blood oxygen level dependent contrast could be obtained at pulse repetition times = 6.0 ms and flip angle = 70 degrees. Additional technical improvements that preserve the image quality may be necessary to further increase the myocardial bSSFP blood oxygen level dependent sensitivity at 1.5 T through even longer pulse repetition times. Magn Reson Med 63:484 493, 2010. (C) 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.”
“Descriptions of five new species of the genus Dinotrema with smooth or only medially sculptured selleck kinase inhibitor propodeum and
presence of mesoscutal pit from Spain are given: Dinotrema belokobylskiji sp. nov., D. marezim sp. nov., D. paquitae sp. nov., D. pareum sp. nov., and D. zimmermannae sp. nov..”
“The aim of the present paper was to study the throughput capacity (i.e. the ability of straw to drain through slatted flooring) of 15 kg of chopped straw used around the time of farrowing. A cohort study including 96 sows was conducted in two screening assay commercial herds, comparing chopped wheat straw of three length categories (mass median length 39, 70 and 130 mm). Straw with
short and medium chop lengths was completely absent in 83% (plastic slats) and 85% (cast-iron slats), respectively, of the pens on Day 4 after farrowing, compared to 7% and 6% of pens provided with the longest straw category. We conclude that it is technically feasible to have an efficient throughput of straw and to maintain good pen hygiene in partly slatted farrowing pens provided with 15 kg of chopped straw at farrowing. However, straw chop lengths need to be adjusted to the type of slatted flooring used.”
“We report here a preliminary model of the genetic architecture
of Autoimmune Thyroid Disorder (AITD). Using a flexible class of mathematical modeling techniques, applied to an established set of data and supplemented with information both from candidate-gene and genome-wide-association studies and from basic bioinformatics, we find strong statistical support for a model in which AITD is the result of “hits” along three selleck distinct genetic pathways: affected individuals have (1) a genetic susceptibility to clinical AITD, along with (2) a separate predisposition to develop the autoantibodies characteristic of AITD, and they also have (3) a predisposition to develop high levels of autoantibodies once they occur. Genes underlying each of these factors then appear to interact with one another to cause clinical AITD. We also find that a genetic variant in CTLA4 that increases risk for AITD in some people might actually protect against AITD in others, depending on which additional risk variants an individual carries. Our data show that the use of statistical methods for the incorporation of information from multiple sources, combined with careful modeling of distinct intermediate phenotypes, can provide insights into the genetic architecture of complex diseases.