tuberculosis, Mce2R weakly represses the in vivo expression of th

tuberculosis, Mce2R weakly represses the in vivo expression of the mce2 virulence operon, likely due to the fact that JNK-IN-8 mw this repressor negatively regulates its own expression. Remarkably, when the transcription

of mce2R was conducted by a strong and desregulated promoter, the resulting complemented strain expressed higher levels of mce2R mRNA than the wild type strain, and was significantly more attenuated than the mutant M. tuberculosis strain, in terms of bacterial replication in lungs. Thus, these observations may indicate that, during the in vivo infection, the expression of the mce2 operon is more effectively repressed in the complemented strain than in the wild type strain. In in vitro growth conditions, the expression of yrbE2A was significantly repressed in the complemented strain only at the stationary G418 nmr growth phase, suggesting that Mce2R could effectively repress the transcription of the mce2 operon when

a substantial level of this repressor is accumulated. This in vitro mce2 expression profile supports the hypothesis that increasing bacterial attenuation along the infection is a consequence of an increasing reduction of the expression of the mce2 operon. Importantly, the results of this study are consistent with previous findings demonstrating that a mutation in the mce2 operon buy Omipalisib impairs either the replication or the lethality of M. tuberculosis in mouse models [8, 9]. We also defined the in vitro Mce2R regulon by whole genome microarray analysis and determined that the genes whose expressions were significantly affected by the transcriptional regulator were confined to those belonging to the mce2 operon. Surprisingly, the expression of the end gene, which has been suggested to be regulated by Mce2R [10], showed no changes in expression in the mutant strain compared to the wild

type. This difference is probably a reflection of the different experimental setups in each study. While in Etofibrate the present study the conditions used to study gene expression were based on the absence or presence of Mce2R, our previous study investigated the effect of modulating the expression of mce2R. The expression Rv0324, which encodes a putative transcriptional regulator, was slightly reduced in the mutant strain, suggesting that the lack of Mce2R indirectly affects the expression of Rv0324. However, the low fold change detected for this gene in both experimental strategies places in doubt the biological significance of this differential expression. The type of exclusive in vitro regulation of Mce2R over the mce2 operon contrasts to that described for Mce3R, the transcriptional repressor of the mce3 operon [12, 13]. Whereas during the in vitro growth of M. tuberculosis, Mce3R negatively regulates the expression of two transcriptional units likely to be involved in lipid or isoprenoid modifications [13], Mce2R seems to regulate exclusively the transcription of mce2.

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