Tumors of mice treated

with tamoxifen or fed with ENL had

Tumors of mice treated

with tamoxifen or fed with ENL had significantly increased extracellular IL-Ra levels compared with control tumors exposed to estradiol only in a similar fashion as shown in vitro and these tumors also exhibited decreased vessel area. Moreover, treatment with subcutaneous injections of recombinant IL-Ra protein resulted in tumor regression in vivo despite continued estradiol exposure. We conclude that estradiol down-regulate ATM Kinase Inhibitor order IL-1Ra in breast cancer cells. In addition, we show that an anti-estrogenic effect of ENL in breast cancer include restoration of IL-1Ra levels and that one of the anti-tumorigenic effects of tamoxifen may be mediated via potent increase of IL-1Ra EPZ-6438 research buy levels in estrogen dependent breast cancer. Taken together our results suggest that increasing IL-1Ra may be a possible anti-estrogen therapeutic option for breast cancer treatment and prevention. O130 Non Invasive Molecular Monitoring of Tumor Angiogenesis Laura Ciarloni1,2, Francesca Botta1, Curzio Rüegg1,3, Francesca Botta 1 1 Division of Experimental Oncology, Centre Pluridisciplinaire d’Oncologie (CePO), Lausanne University Hospital (CHUV)

and University of Lausanne, CB-839 chemical structure Lausanne, Switzerland, 2 Diagnoplex SA, Epalinges, Switzerland, 3 National Center for Competence in Research, Molecular Oncology, ISREC-EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland Tumor angiogenesis is a critical event in tumor growth and progression. Anti-angiogenic drug such as Avastin, Sutent, Nexavar and Torisel, have been Clomifene approved for the treatment of advanced human cancers, opening the way to anti-angiogenic therapy

in clinical oncology. However, the improved use of current approved drugs, or the development of novel ones, is limited by the lack of reliable surrogate markers that may allow a non-invasive and cost-effective monitoring of angiogenesis and identification of responding patients.Several studies performed using mouse models showed that bone marrow-derived (BMD) myeloid cells and several cell subpopulations, are important modulators of tumor angiogenesis. Once those cells are attracted at the tumor site by tumor-released factors, they promote angiogenesis, tumor growth, invasion and metastasis. Moreover, it appears that the tumor could educate these cells before they enter the tumor microenvironment. Previous studies suggested the possibility that circulating BMD myeloid cells may be imprinted by tumor-derived signals even before they reached the tumor. If induced changes can be detected by non-invasive procedures, these cells, and associated molecular events, could be used to identify surrogate markers of tumor angiogenesis. Following the screening of different human and murine tumor models, we observed a myeloid cell population mobilized in mice bearing 4 T1-breast cancer cells-derived tumors.

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