Figure 3 Electrical resistance changes at 150°C with 10 ppm of CO. Electrical resistance changes of the sensor as a function of time for five cycles at 150°C with 10 Eltanexor ppm of CO. Detection of a CO and NH3 gas mixture using carboxylic acid-functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes. Figure 4 demonstrates the time dependence of C-SWCNT resistance when exposed to 10 ppm NH3 gas at 80°C. The increase of the resistance can be explained as the following: since it is known that each NH3 molecule has a lone electron pair that can be donated to other species, therefore, NH3 is a donor gas. When the sensor is exposed to NH3 molecules,
electrons are transferred from NH3 to C-SWCNT. NH3 donates electrons to the valence band of the C-SWCNT, which leads to the increase in electrical resistance of sensors due to the reduced number of hole carriers in the C-SWCNT. The increase in resistance is an evidence that the SWCNT is a p-type semiconductor. Figure 4 Electrical resistance changes at 80°C with 10 ppm of NH
3 . Electrical resistance changes of the sensor as a function of time for five cycles at 80°C with 10 ppm of NH3. Detection of a CO and NH3 gas mixture using carboxylic acid-functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes. We conducted an experiment to get the response of the mixed gas consisting of electron-withdrawing and electron-donating gases. One gas had a faster response Ponatinib time and lower sensor response CDK assay than the other. In our experiment, CO and NH3 were chosen as gases having a faster response time with weak bonding and faster sensor response with strong bonding, respectively. Previous studies
reported individual detection of CO [6–8, 20] and NH3, where these sensors were using C-SWCNT bundle sensing layer, accordingly. As well as introducing mixture-gas detection capability, the C-SWCNT sensor fabricated in our study was more responsive even for individual detection, see Figures 3 and 4. Figure 5 indicates the sensing result of the gas mixture of CO and NH3 at 150°C. Exposure to the gas mixture rapidly decreased and increased the resistance of the C-SWCNT network. Similar behavior had been observed with individual C-SWCNT sensors. Repetitive cycles are observed, and therefore, one cycle will be explored. At point ①, the resistance was decreased due to the initial CO reaction with the surface of the C-SWCNT carboxylic acid group in the gas mixture. As the physical and chemical reactions between NH3 and CO progressed, the resistance was increased gradually in the gas mixture at point ②. Then, at point ③, a sharper increase in the resistance was observed as new gas was produced from the chemical reaction. The decrease of resistance in a cycle may be due to the adsorption of CO, selleck chemicals llc because the response of the CO was faster than that of the NH3 at point ①.