However, acceptance and commercial adoption of food irradiation is still low. Consumer groups such as Public Citizen and the Food and Water Watch have opposed irradiation because of the formation of 2-alkylcyclobutanones (2-ACBs) in irradiated, lipid-containing foods. The objectives of this study were to measure and to compare the level of 2-dodecylcyclobutanone (2-DCB) in
ground beef irradiated by low-energy X-rays and gamma rays. Beef patties were irradiated by low-energy X-rays and gamma rays (Cs-137) at 3 targeted absorbed click here doses of 1.5, 3.0, and 5.0 kGy. The samples were extracted with n-hexane using a Soxhlet apparatus, and the 2-DCB concentration was determined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The 2-DCB concentration increased linearly (P < 0.05) with irradiation dose for gamma-ray and low-energy X-ray irradiated patties. There was no significant difference in 2-DCB concentration between gamma-ray and low-energy X-ray irradiated patties (P > 0.05) at all targeted doses.”
“Two-dimensional Selleckchem Sapitinib finite element model of Longmenshan area was built on the basis of depth study on geological structure conditions and of rock mechanical properties in Longmenshan area. Tectonic stress field and variation process of Longmenshan fault belt were inversed before the earthquake, in the earthquake and after the earthquake.
The results show that: (1) the direction of maximum main stress in the study area has regionalization, according to stress direction differences before the earthquake, in the earthquake and after the earthquake and can be divided into the southwest region of Houshan fault, the middle section of Houshan fault, AG-881 mouse the region near Yingxiu of central fault, Xiaoyudong area between central fault and Qianshan fault, the region between Qingping village of central fault and Guangming village of Houshan fault, the region between central fracture and Houshan fault in the west of Beichuan. (2) there are local shear stress concentration areas in Longmenshan fault zone before
the earthquake and in the earthquake, especially near Yingxiu but after the earthquake, shear stress distribution is more uniform. Shear stress concentration zone of Longmenshan central fault presents the migration at northeast, the most prominent near Yingxiu.”
“Epidemiological data exist to support a positive association between Chlamydia trachomatis (Ctr) infection and gynecological cancers; however, putative cellular mechanisms for this association are lacking. Here, we identified Ctr-induced perturbations to host cell phenotypes in vitro that persisted after clearance of infection and could directly contribute to host cell transformation. In particular, human telomerase catalytic subunit (hTERT) mRNA expression and catalytic subunit activity were increased in acute infected late passage IMR90E1A cells.