The targets and physiological profiles of these three groups are different and probably comprise different psychiatric categories. Two puzzles
remain. First, 20% of the children were high-reactive infants, but the prevalence of social phobia is less that. 10%. This fact suggests that many high reactives find an adaptive niche in Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical their society that allows them to titer unpredictable social encounters. The biography of T. S. Eliot implies that he may have been a high-reactive infant, for he certainly was a shy child. His decision to become a poet permitted a degree of isolation that his temperament Tipifarnib myeloid required. The second fact is that more females than Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical males are diagnosed with social phobia, although there is no
excess of girls over boys who are classified as high reactive during infancy. This fact suggests that cultural ideals and differential socialization of boys and girls contribute to the sex difference in social phobia. Boys may try much harder to conquer their Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical avoidance behavior and shyness. An excerpt from an essay written by one of the 11-year-old children, who was a high-reactive infant and a fearful toddler supports this claim. I have always been more of an anxious person than some other people … it took me a very long time to realize how to cope with this heightened slate of nervousness … I have also found that
the manifestation of my anxiety can be overcome by using simple mind over matter techniques. A good example of this is when I was 8, after Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical learning about what asthma was, [started, to feel like I was having trouble breathing. In a heightened slate of anxiety, Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical I subconsciously forced myself into believing that I had asthma. This has happened many times. Besides just general fears, it was a struggle to overcome this anxiety manifestation. I overcame these problems, though. I know how to deal with them when they occur. Because I now understand my predisposition towards anxiety, I can talk myself out of simple fears. It is also important to note that a high-reactive temperament protects the Cilengitide child from engaging in risky behavior – whether drugs, driving at high speeds, or temptations for delinquent, behavior. Thus, the child with a high-reactive temperament has some advantages in our society and parents of such infants might decide not to change their child’s behavior when the next set of pharmacological advances permits them that choice. Notes This www.selleckchem.com/products/Gefitinib.html research was supported by grants from the W. T. Grant Foundation and the Bial Foundation. I thank Nancy Snidman for her continued collaboration.
Anxiety is part of the normal human experience. We may speculate that it served human survival during evolution by enhancing preparedness and alertness.