Calculations using the quantum-chemical semiempirical AM1 method

Calculations using the quantum-chemical semiempirical AM1 method for modeling reaction between methyldimethoxysilane [Me(MeO)(2)SiH] and 5-vinyl-2-nor-bornene were performed to evaluate possible reaction paths. (C) 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 120: 1572-1582, 2011″
“We describe a technique to manage dense cataract cases After a capsulorhexis of 6.0 to 7.0 mm diameter has been created, the phaco tip is inserted into the nucleus centrally and high vacuum is used to lift the nucleus and elevate it with a tilt to protrude outside the capsular bag distally The chopper is used to segment the nucleus centripetally, starting from the lens equator or just

behind, without applying stress to the capsular

bag or zonules Further Sapanisertib manufacturer phacoemulsification is maintained I-BET-762 by holding the nucleus centrally and chopping it into smaller triangular sectoral pieces. In this horizontal chopping technique, which is done just outside the capsular bag, grasping the nucleus in the center and elevating it with high vacuum instead of depressing one edge of the nucleus to elevate the other edge prevents additional stress to the capsule and zonules.”
“Durable curcumin-treated antibacterial polyethylene terephthalate (PET) fabrics (against Staphylococcus aureus) were produced by dyeing with curcumin after surface activation using vacuum ultraviolet excimer lamp at 172 nm. Surface change properties of the exposed fabrics were characterized by surface analysis methods such as wettability, atomic force microscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Results show an increase in surface hydrophilicity with a water contact angle of the PET fabric reaching 24 degrees after 10 mm excimer irradiation, which could be attributed to an increase in carboxyl group formation as confirmed buy BKM120 by X-ray

photoelectron spectroscopy measurements. Varying concentrations of curcumin were immobilized onto untreated and vacuum ultraviolet-irradiated PET samples using diffusion method at 90 degrees C, and the treated fabrics characterized using K/S (color strength) values at 440 nm. K/S values increased when the PET surface was subjected to a prior excimer irradiation, because of grafting of curcumin at the PET surface. Increased excimer irradiation time increased grafting of curcumin because the inner fabric fiber surfaces were also more thoroughly treated. (C) 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 120: 1583-1590, 2011″
“In this paper the smallest or optimal dimensions of a Halbach cylinder of a finite length for a given sample volume and desired flux density are determined using numerical modeling and parameter variation. A sample volume that is centered in and shaped as the Halbach cylinder bore but with a possible shorter length is considered.

The common APOE polymorphism was also assessed for

The common APOE polymorphism was also assessed for TPCA-1 its relevance to the outcome of this treatment.

Methods: Analysis of CYP2D6 and APOE polymorphisms was undertaken in 88 naive -Caucasian patients with Alzheimer’s disease. All patients received treatment with donepezil for at least 10 months, and the response to treatment was then assessed according to the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence criteria.

Results: No significant

differences were observed in distribution of the CYP2D6 rs1080985 single nucleotide polymorphism or common APOE polymorphism between responders (68.2%) and nonresponders (31.8%) to treatment with donepezil.

Conclusion: Our results suggest that neither the CYP2D6 nor the APOE polymorphism influences the response to treatment with donepezil in a Polish population with Alzheimer’s disease.”
“We report a healthy and unambiguously female newborn, whose phenotypic sex contradicted the expected male sex based on previously performed prenatal cytogenetic analysis. Both 46,XX and 46,XY cells were detected in a villus sample, the former having been attributed to maternal cell contamination. Postnatal karyotyping in peripheral lymphocytes confirmed the presence of two cell lines, one 46,XX (70%) and one 46,XY (30%). After exclusion of alternative explanations for the observed genotype, a diagnosis

of chimerism was made. Chimeras containing cell lines of opposite sex usually feature ovotesticular development with associated genital ambiguity. To account for the normal female appearance of our patient, we postulate the exclusive involvement of 46,XX cells in gonad formation.”
“The application of classical methods for pellet coating thickness determination (weight gain, microscopic BYL719 mw analysis, dissolution testing) is time-consuming or does not consider

pellets loss during the coating procedure. Therefore, these methods are not optimal for process control during pellets coating. The aim of this study was to develop rapid and valid methods for the determination of pellets average coating thickness by near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). NIRS is not the primary method; therefore reference data are required for calibration. Data obtained from two reference methods for coating thickness determination (microscopic analysis, a geometric model calculated from pellets weight and density) were mutually compared. A geometric model was chosen as the simpler, quicker and more robust reference method. The polymer films studied were ethylcellulose (EC) and Eudragit (R) RS (ERS) applied on pellets in a Wurster column. The calibration models were carried out by partial least squares (PLS) regression, with two factors for EC and ERS films, respectively. The PLS validation sets had r > 0.97, and a standard error of validation, 3.

The aim of this toughness optimization is to find out the optimal

The aim of this toughness optimization is to find out the optimal mixing ratio of PA 6/PA 66. Applications of PA 6/PA 66 in the automotive industry and Specific client wishes are the main reasons for black-coloring of the PA materials. The influence of several black-colorants (carbon black, nigrosine, spinel, iron oxide) on mechanical and fracture mechanical properties of the PA composites is also investigated using fracture mechanical methods. As experimental fracture mechanical method, preferentially, the instrumented Charpy impact ZD1839 Protein Tyrosine Kinase inhibitor test (ICIT) and the new Cut method to

determine the stable crack growth of glass-fiber reinforced materials was used. (C) 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 111: 2245-2252, 2009″
“The chloroplast is a pivotal organelle in plant cells and eukaryotic algae to carry out photosynthesis, which provides the primary source of the world’s food.

The expression of foreign genes in chloroplasts offers several advantages over their expression ill the nucleus: high-level expression, transgene stacking in operons and a lack of epigenetic interference allowing stable transgene expression. In addition, transgenic chloroplasts are generally not transmitted through pollen Selleck PR-171 grains because of the cytoplasmic localization. In the past two decades, great progress in chloroplast engineering has been made. In this paper, we review and highlight recent studies of chloroplast engineering, including chloroplast transformation procedures. controlled expression of plastid transgenes in plants, the expression of foreign genes for improvement of plant traits, the production of biopharmaceuticals, metabolic pathway engineering in plants, plastid transformation to study RNA editing, and marker gene excision

“A battery trial was conducted to evaluate the comparative pathogenicity of five field strains of Eimeria tenella from Behera, Khafr El-Sheikh, Alexandria, Gharbia and Matrouh provinces in Egypt. Two-week-old broiler chickens were infected with 25 x 10(3) sporulated oocysts of each strain of E. tenella. The comparative pathogenicity of the strains was assessed by calculating body weight gain, feed conversion ratio, lesion scores, dropping nature scores, Bcl-2 cleavage cecal scrapings, mortality percentage and oocysts count. Hematological parameters including hemoglobin (Hb) content, packed cell volume (PCV%) and total erythrocytic count, were also evaluated. There were different degrees of pathogenicity between the strains. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Structural characterization in polymer nanocomposites is usually performed using X-ray scattering and microscopic techniques, whereas the improvements in processing and mechanical properties are commonly investigated by rotational rheometry and tensile testing.

Two patients presenting aggressive disease (N+ and pT3a) died of

Two patients presenting aggressive disease (N+ and pT3a) died of tumour progression after 20 and 14 months, respectively, while the other two are alive

after 56 and 36 months of follow-up with no evidence of disease, stable serum creatinine (2.29 and 1.6 mg/dl) and mild metabolic selleck acidosis. Day and night-time urinary continence were satisfactory in all patients. Good functional outcomes have been reported in the 20 cases of ileal orthotopic neobladder with different techniques published so far and the global experience of 24 cases with a median follow-up of 39 months documents a cancer specific survival of 62.5%.”
“We studied highly L1(0)-ordered FePtAg-C nanogranular film as a potential high-density storage medium in thermally assisted magnetic recording (TAR). A 6.4-nm-thick FePtAg-C film with a perpendicular coercivity of 37 kOe and an average grain size of 6.1 +/- 1.8 nm was fabricated on oxidized silicon substrate with a 10 nm MgO interlayer at 450 degrees C. The time-dependence measurement of remnant coercivity showed the energy barrier of E-b = 7.6 eV similar to 300 k(B)T at room temperature, meaning the excellent

thermal stability for long-term data storage. Static tester experiments on this film using a TAR head demonstrate the feasibility of recording at an areal density of similar to 450 Gbits/in.(2). (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3536794]“
“The only arterial pathway available after liver transplantation is the hepatic artery. Therefore,

CP673451 Protein Tyrosine Kinase inhibitor hepatic artery thrombosis can result in graft loss necessitating re-transplantation. Herein, we present evidence of Angiogenesis inhibitor neovascularization at long-term follow-up in a series of transplant patients with hepatic artery thrombosis. We termed this phenomenon “”neovascularized liver”. Hepatic artery thrombosis was noted in 30/407 cases (7.37%), and occurred early in 13 patients (43.3%) and late (>30 days) in 17 (56.7%) patients. At the time of this study, 11 (36.7%) patients had a neovascularized liver. Those patients with neovascularized liver and normal liver function were closely followed. Of these patients, 10 (91%) showed evidence of neovascularized liver by imaging, and an echo-Doppler arterial signal was recorded in all patients. The mean interval between the diagnosis of hepatic artery thrombosis and neovascularized liver was 4.1 months (range of 3-5.5 months). Liver histology showed an arterial structure in 4 (36.4%) patients. Four factors were associated with development of neovascularized liver: late hepatic artery thrombosis, early hepatic artery stenosis, site of thrombosis, and Roux-en-Y anastomosis. The overall survival rate at 54 months was 90.9%. In conclusion, a late hepatic artery thrombosis may be quite uneventful and should not automatically lead to re-transplantation.

“OBJECTIVE: An in vitro study was carried out to evaluate

“OBJECTIVE: An in vitro study was carried out to evaluate the effect of curcumin, lycopene, and irradiation upon oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Curcumin and lycopene were administrated at doses of 3, 4.25, 5.50, and 6.75 mu M in PE/CA-PJ15 OSCC cultures irradiated with different doses (1, 2.5, and 5 Gy), followed by evaluation of the effects upon cell viability, apoptosis, and migration after 24, 48, and 72 Selleck PF477736 h of incubation.

RESULTS: The application of curcumin or lycopene to the tumor cells during 24, 48, and 72 h without irradiation exerted an inhibitor effect upon cell viability and increased cell apoptosis. The maximum reduction in cell viability and the peak apoptotic

effect was recorded with the 5.50 and 6.75 mu M doses, for both curcumin and lycopene. Likewise, curcumin and lycopene exerted a synergic effect upon both variables on applying irradiation. Lastly, the 5.50 and 6.75 mu M drug doses, together with 5 Gy of irradiation, yielded the greatest

decrease in cell migration capacity with both curcumin and lycopene.

CONCLUSIONS: Curcumin and lycopene increase cytotoxic activity in the PE/CA-PJ15 cell line and reduce cell migration capacity, GSK126 mechanism while the combination of curcumin or lycopene with irradiation exerts a synergic effect.”
“Our search for biologically active marine natural products led to the isolation of two new ceramides, iotrochotamide I (1) and iotrochotamide DAPT II (2), together with three known 6-bromoindole alkaloids (6-bromo-1H-indole-3-carbaldehyde (3), 6-bromo-1H-indole-3-carboxylic acid methyl ester (4), and 6-bromo-1H-indole-3-carboxylic acid ethyl ester (5)) from the sponge Iotrochota purpurea collected in Indonesia. The structure elucidation of these compounds was secured by spectroscopic methods (1H, 13C, DEPT, COSY, HMQC and HMBC), accurate mass measurements (ESI, EI and GS-MS) as well as comparison with known compounds.”
“The Kidd blood group system consists of three common phenotypes: Jk(a+b-), Jk(a-b+) and Jk(a+b+), and one rare phenotype, Jk(a-b-). Jk(a)/Jk(b) polymorphism is associated with c.838G>A (p.Asp280Asn) in exon 9 of the

JK (SLC14A1) gene, and the corresponding alleles are named JK*01 and JK*02. The rare phenotype Jk(a-b-) was first found in a Filipina of Spanish and Chinese ancestry, and to date, several JK null alleles responsible for the Jk(a-b-) phenotype have been reported. We report seven novel JK null alleles, 4 with a JK*01 background and 3 with a JK*02 background, identified from Jk(a-b-) Japanese.”
“Two new metabolites, pyrenocine J (1) and pyrenochaetic acid D (2), together with two known metabolites, pyrenocine A (3) and pyrenochaetic acid A (4), were isolated from a soil fungus, Curvularia affinis strain HS-FG-196. Their structures were established by extensive spectroscopic analysis. Compound 1 showed cytotoxic activity against the human hepatic cancer cell line HepG2 with an IC50 value of 28.5 mu g/ml.

0001) The ROC curve analysis for prediction of poor ovarian resp

0001). The ROC curve analysis for prediction of poor ovarian response, a parts per thousand currency sign3 retrieved oocytes,

showed that the optimum cut-off level was < 1.0 ng/mL for AMH. The lower AMH group (AMH < 1.0 ng/ml) showed less chance of undergoing embryo transfer than the higher AMH group (AMH a parts per thousand yen1.0 ng/ml). There was no difference in pregnancy rate between the two groups. Five out of 12 pregnant women exhibited AMH levels of less than 0.4 ng/ml.

Assessment of serum AMH concentration in older patients is useful for the prediction of oocytes numbers which may be obtained in IVF. A cut-off level of 1.0 ng/ml AMH can be used to predict poor ovarian P505-15 inhibitor response. This cut-off level of AMH of 1.0 ng/ml might be useful to predict whether patients could have an embryo transfer, but had no power to predict achieving pregnancy. On the other hand, our data also showed that patients over age 40 with extreme low levels of AMH still had a chance of pregnancy.”

To report U0126 cost the clinical merits and usefulness of minilaparotomy hysterectomy in comparison to the traditional abdominal approach.

Material and Methods:

A comparative study to review perioperative

and postoperative outcomes and complications was conducted in 98 patients undergoing abdominal hysterectomy through Pfannenstiel incision for benign gynecological disease or pre-invasive pathology. Fifty of these patients (Group I) underwent hysterectomy by minilaparotomy approach (< 5 cm incision) and 48 patients (Group selleck kinase inhibitor II) had standard/conventional methodology (> 6 cm incision).


Though there were no statistically significant differences between the patients’ profile as well as the size and weight of the removed uterus in the two

groups, the mean operating time was 41.3 min in Group I and 77.5 min in Group II (P < 0.01) and the mean postoperative hospital stay of 3.1 days in Group I was significantly lower than in Group II patients (5.4 days), P < 0.01. There was no major complication or mortality in either of the groups and the composite morbidity encountered was 4% versus 33.33% in Groups I and II, respectively. Two of the patients in Group II required blood transfusion whereas none of the patients in Group I had estimated blood loss over 500 mL.


Minilaparotomy hysterectomy through < 5 cm Pfannenstiel incision provides an appealing, effective, expeditious, minimal access and less invasive cost-effective option/alternative to the traditional abdominal approach obviating the need for any additional expensive equipment and, above all, improves upon the perioperative outcome, notwithstanding, whatsoever, on the quality of surgery.”
“The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is formed by tightly connected cerebrovascular endothelial cells, but its normal function also depends on paracrine interactions between the brain endothelium and closely located glia.

Recently, we examined energy dissipation in a new class of cantil

Recently, we examined energy dissipation in a new class of cantilever device that embeds a microfluidic channel in its interior-the fundamental mode of vibration only was considered. Due to its importance in practice, we examine the effect of mode number on energy dissipation in these microfluidic beam resonators. Interestingly, and in contrast to other cantilever devices, we find that the quality factor typically decreases with increasing mode number. We explore the underlying physical mechanisms leading to this counterintuitive

behavior, and provide a detailed comparison to experimental measurements for which good agreement is found. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3514100]“
“Objectives. INCB024360 Severe dental malocclusion resulting from mandibular advancement devices (MADs) for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is extremely rare. Reporting of such situations is therefore useful for clinicians managing OSAS.

Study design. We report the unusual cases of 4 patients who developed a severe circular dental open bite related to the use of a MAD. These bite changes were related to molar extrusion in two patients, whereas in the other two patients no obvious etiology was found.

Results. In all patients, the MAD was immediately discontinued as early as the malocclusion was detected and continuous positive airway pressure proposed.

Conclusion. Mandibular advancement devices may

be associated with a severe dental malocclusion. Failure to recognize and promptly treat this complication may lead to irreversible dentoskeletal changes. Therefore, follow-up to survey dental occlusion SNX-5422 nmr is mandatory in all patients wearing a MAD. (Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2010; 109: e28-e32)”
“The electrorheological fluid

composed of starch particles and silicone oil/transformer oil was dispersed into 107 silicone rubber, and then two types of electric elastomers were prepared in the absence and presence of EPZ004777 supplier a curing electric field, respectively. The storage modules were measured using dynamic mechanical analysis with the round disk compression clamp. The results indicate that the storage modulus sensitivity of electric elastomers composed of pure transformer oil is the highest, that of electric elastomers composed of pure silicone oil takes second place, and that of electric elastomers composed of mixture oil is the smallest. For the given starch concentration, the storage modulus sensitivity attains a maximum value of 3.88 when the mass ratio between the transformer oil and 107 silicone rubber is 1. For the given mass ratio of 1, the effects of starch concentration and the presence or absence of the curing electric field on the storage modulus of electric elastomers were studied. When the starch concentration is 5 wt %, the storage modulus of the elastomer without the electric field (denoted as A-elastomer) is 20.

“To elucidate the time course of neuronal cell death after

“To elucidate the time course of neuronal cell death after the clinical criteria for brain death are met, the authors reviewed FK866 cost serial changes of serum neuron-specific enolase levels in 3 children (age range, 3-15 years) clinically diagnosed as brain dead due to cardiopulmonary arrest. All patients survived for more than 2 months after brain death. Children with brain death had higher peak neuron-specific enolase values (1069-2849 ng/mL) than did 3 control children (256-1800 ng/mL)

who did not become brain dead but had poor neurological outcome (1 death, 2 vegetative state) after cardiopulmonary arrest. A major finding is that children with brain death showed persistent elevation of neuron-specific enolase at 4 weeks (> 400 ng/mL) and 8 weeks (> 50 ng/mL) after cardiopulmonary arrest, in comparison with 2 surviving

patients without brain death (< 50 ng/mL at 4 weeks). This prolonged elevation of neuron-specific enolase suggests that total brain YH25448 ic50 necrosis might not be present at the time of clinical diagnosis of brain death.”
“Purpose: To assess patients with chronic portal vein thrombosis (PVT) with respect to transcapsular collateral veins, the communication between these veins and ectopic varices, and the cause of PVT.

Materials and Methods: This study was approved by the institutional review committees, and written informed consent was obtained. From November 2003 to March 2008, 145 consecutive patients with chronic PVT due to a variety of causes were assessed for transcapsular collaterals and ectopic varices with ultrasonography (US). Analysis of contingency tables was performed with the Fisher exact test.

Results: Transcapsular collaterals were detected in 15 (10.3%) of 145 patients with chronic PVT. They were restricted to patients with a history of hepatobilary surgery, severe pancreatitis, or abdominal surgery (n Sapanisertib solubility dmso = 21) and were not detected in patients with liver cirrhosis,

systemic coagulopathy, extrahepatic malignancy, idiopathic PVT, chronic pancreatitis, or infectious or inflammatory diseases (n = 124) (P < .001). Ectopic varices were infrequent in 70 patients with liver cirrhosis (n = 2, 3%) but were common in 14 patients with PVT after hepatobiliary surgery (n = 9, 64 %) (P < .001, odds ratio = 21.4). Direct communication between transcapsular collaterals and ectopic varices was visible in all nine patients in this cohort. In eight of these patients, ectopic varices were found to be the bleeding source in gastrointestinal hemorrhage.

Conclusion: Transcapsular collaterals frequently occur in patients with chronic PVT due to hepatobilary surgery or necrotizing pancreatitis. They are associated with ectopic varices; therefore, awareness of transcapsular collaterals in this patient subgroup will help to localize ectopic varices as potential bleeding source.

C-reactive protein level was elevated (197 mg/L; normal <5 mg/

C-reactive protein level was elevated (197 mg/L; normal <5 mg/L) and the white blood cell count was normal (7 x 10(9)/L; normal 4-10 x 10(9)/L). A computerized tomography (CT) showed a left psoas-based retroperitoneal abscess. Treatment consisted of open debridement, drainage and empirical antibiotic therapy. Intraoperative cultures yielded M. hominis after 7 days incubation. Antibiotic therapy was adapted and discontinued after 2 months. The patient had failed to mention earlier that she had been suffering

from abnormal vaginal discharge for some time and was using an intrauterine selleck contraceptive device.

Results At 1.5-year follow-up, review confirmed healing of the infection with biological normalization

without residual collection, radiolucent lines or osteolysis around the prosthesis at radiographs, CT and MRI.

Conclusions Mycoplasma hominis can be involved as an extragenital pathogen in musculoskeletal infections. Because its buy LY2228820 culture and identification are difficult, special media and real-time PCR are required in case of postoperative deep wound infection after anterior lumbar spine surgery, especially in the case of previous genitourinary infections, to decrease the delay in diagnosis and treatment.”
“Background Spinal melanocytoma is one of the most infrequent space-occupying lesions of the central nervous system. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of primary bifocal intradural melanocytoma of heterogenous pathological grade to date.

Case description We report AZD1208 the case of a 43-year old patient with primary bifocal melanocytoma, clinically and radiologically resembling benign schwannoma. The patient presented

with myeloradiculopathy of the left C3 dermatome. Magnetic resonance imaging of the upper spine revealed two space-occupying lesions with paraspinal extension, initially diagnosed as neurofibroma. Definitive histopathological classification of both lesions was melanocytoma. Both tumours were only partially removed due to adherence to surrounding structures. The patient underwent stereotactic external beam irradiation (EBR). Follow-up at 1 year after surgery revealed no recurrence and the patient remained free of symptoms. The clinical, radiological and pathological features of this rare tumour entity are presented and the available literature is reviewed.

Conclusions Intradural melanocytoma, although exceedingly rare, requires a thorough work-up to exclude malignant melanoma. With only two previous reports of multifocal melanocytoma published in the literature, standard therapy has not yet been established and complete surgical removal remains the modality of choice. Patients should be closely monitored to detect local recurrence or malignant degeneration. EBR may be considered in cases where total excision is not achievable and reduces risk of local recurrences.

This review aims to summarize the major approaches and findings o

This review aims to summarize the major approaches and findings of receptor selleckchem proteomics. Isolation and characterization of receptor complexes from cells has become common using the methods of immunoaffinity-, ligand, and tag-based chromatography followed by MS for the analysis of enriched receptor preparations. In addition, tools such as stable isotope labeling have contributed to understanding quantitative properties and PTMs to receptors

and their interacting proteins. As data from studies on receptor-protein interactions, considerably expands, complementary approaches such as bioinformatics and computational biology will undoubtedly play a significant role in defining cellular and network functions for various types of receptor complexes. Findings from receptor proteomics may also shed light

on the mechanism of action for pharmacological drugs and can be of value in understanding molecular pathologies of disease states.”
“Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) is a pleiotropic hormone-like protein and a major metabolic regulator. However, several key aspects of FGF21 biology remain poorly understood. Indeed, the list of controversies in the FGF21 field spans a variety of topics, from basic matters such as the anatomic distribution of FGF21 expression and the molecular click here composition of the FGF21 receptor, to the ultimate question of therapeutic relevance of FGF21-dependent pathways in humans. In this paper, we focus on current challenges in the field in an attempt to provide a balanced overview of FGF21 biology and guide future research into this exciting metabolic target.”
“Developing bone consists of epiphysis, metaphysis and diaphysis. The secondary ossification centre (SOC) appears and grows within the selleck screening library epiphysis, involving two histological stages. Firstly, cartilage canals appear; they carry hypertrophy factors towards the central area of the epiphysis. Canal growth and expansion is modulated by stress on the epiphysis. Secondly, the diffusion of hypertrophy factors

causes SOC growth. Hypertrophy is regulated by biological and mechanical factors present within the epiphysis. The finite element method has been used for solving a coupled system of differential equations for modelling these histological stages of epiphyseal development. Cartilage canal spatial-temporal growth patterns were obtained as well as the SOC formation pattern. This model qualitatively agreed with experimental results reported by other authors. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“To address the need for the development of bioengineered replacement of a nerve graft, a novel two component fibrin glue conduit was combined with human mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) and immuno-supressive treatment with cyclosporine A. The effects of MSC on axonal regeneration in the conduit and reaction of activated macrophages were investigated using sciatic nerve injury model.