The registration fee of the Congress was kept affordably low, taking into consideration the difficult global economic situation and the cuts that have hit the research community in recent years. Fortunately, the meeting received crucial support from 7 government sponsor agencies and 18 private sponsors (http://www.fimsa2012.com). A pre-Congress press meeting was organized on the 14th March to which representatives of leading newspapers and electronic media were invited so that the general public could be briefed about the main features of the Congress. Narinder
Mehra, the President of the Congress and his colleagues gave an overview of the meeting and the importance of immunology in health and disease. Stefan Kaufmann (President of IUIS) spoke about
the importance of vaccines and immunotherapeutics in every day life and Nicholas King (FIMSA President) gave a perspective of the federation and of its various activities. The Congress Selleck MI-503 was officially inaugurated by Sir Gustav Nossal (Australia), together with Stefan Kaufmann (President of IUIS, Germany), Nicholas King (FIMSA Presi-dent, Australia), GP Talwar (India), Jacob Natvig (Norway) and the organizers led by Congress President Narinder Mehra (Fig. 1 and 2). The inaugural and keynote address was delivered by Sir Gustav Nossal (Fig. 2A) who spoke on the development status of various vaccines and highlighted that immunology with its impact on human health could help prevent two-thirds of premature deaths, particularly those with an infectious cause. diglyceride Interestingly while life expectancy at birth JAK assay in the more developed world has improved from 70 years in the 1960s to >80 years in 2011, that in African countries (e.g. Zambia) has actually shown a decline from 45 to 39 years. Sir Gustav Nossal advocated the creation of a global fund for vaccine research for the three big diseases AIDS, TB and malaria. Further, he discussed the progress of the RV144 phase II trial of the prime boost vaccine ALVAL prime-AIDS; RTS,S from Glaxo Smith
Kline for malaria; and three vaccines for TB currently in phase II trials namely, AERAS-402 crucell Ad35, MVA85 A/AERAS 485, GSKMT72, a recombinant fusion protein of Agtb 32 and tb 39. The first day of the conference started with a fantastic master lecture on peripheral regulatory T (Treg) cells by Abul Abbas (USA). He described how the immune system adapts to pathogenic inflammatory reactions by generating Foxp3+ve Treg cells in the periphery. A fraction of these cells survive as memory Treg cells and are able to limit subsequent inflammation in the tissue. He also showed that antigens and cytokines are the major stimuli that induce peripheral Treg cells and control their balance with effector cells. This was immediately followed by the second master lecture, which was given by James McCluskey (Australia) on the genetic control of immune response.